SMOL


SMOL
SMOL (Samuel) of Derenburg (14th century), court jew to four archbishops at magdeburg , Germany; one of the earliest of the Court Jews. First mentioned in 1347, Smol was a member of a commission arbitrating a dispute between the archbishop and the city of Hollefin in 1365. He was also referred to as representative of the prelate, and in 1366 he was one of four warrantors of a sum promised to the archbishop. In 1370 Smol was among those who participated in the decision in a dispute over the archbishop's inheritance. He was closest to the last archbishop, Peter, who called him "our Jew" and granted him and his children protection in 1372. Peter was, however, given warning about this relationship when the pope, Gregory XI, cautioned him that he would take strong measures if it were indeed true that he had permitted Smol to turn a church into a synagogue. On another occasion Gregory complained to the bishop of Naumburg about the latter's favoring a certain Jew "Marquand" who in all probability was Smol's brother, objecting to the bishop's extending friendship to the Jew and giving him jurisdiction over Christians. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Lewinsky, in: MGWJ, 48 (1904), 457–60; H. Schnee, Die Hoffinanz und der moderne Staat, 1 (1953), 19–23; Germ Jud, 2 (1968), 160.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • smol — smol·der·ing·ly; smol·der; …   English syllables

  • smøl — sb., et, smøl, ene (smøleri; smølehoved) …   Dansk ordbog

  • smol|der — «SMOHL duhr», verb, noun. –v.i. 1. to burn and smoke without flame: »The campfire smoldered for hours after the blaze died down. 2. Figurative. to exist or continue in a suppressed condition: »The people s discontent smoldered for years before it …   Useful english dictionary

  • smol·der — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Wan Smol Bag — Wan Smolbag Wan Smolbag est un groupe théâtral ni Vanuatu contemporain, fondé en 1989 à Port Vila. Le nom signifie « un petit sac » en bichelamar. Il évoque la possibilité pour le groupe d être très mobile, et de se déplacer avec tout… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Smollett,Tobias George — Smol·lett (smŏlʹĭt), Tobias George. 1721 1771. British writer known for his adventure novels, such as Roderick Random (1748) and Peregrine Pickle (1751). * * * …   Universalium

  • Smollett — /smol it/, n. Tobias George, 1721 71, English novelist. * * * …   Universalium

  • smòla — smòl|a ž 〈G mn smólā〉 1. {{001f}}bot. biljni ljepljivi proizvod koji luče mnoge vrste drveća, osobito četinari [fosilne ∼e; melaminske ∼e] 2. {{001f}}pren. razg. nevolja, nesreća [imati ∼u biti onaj kojemu ništa ne uspijeva, kojemu nije uspjelo,… …   Veliki rječnik hrvatskoga jezika

  • smollato — smol·là·to p.pass., agg. → 1smollare, 2smollare, 1smollarsi, 2smollarsi …   Dizionario italiano

  • smollicabile — smol·li·cà·bi·le agg. OB che si può smollicare, che si smollica facilmente {{line}} {{/line}} DATA: sec. XVI …   Dizionario italiano


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.